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All too often, the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Questioning (LGBTQ) communities has been ignored, or had to deal with violence externally and internally, without positive recognition, support and literature that is easily accessible. To this end, the Coalition will continue to support and recognize the community.
Domestic violence can occur in any relationship regardless of race, ethnicity, religion, socioeconomic class, sexual orientation, etc. Knowing this, it is also important for us to recognize that women/men from certain groups will face additional barriers. While cultural differences are important to recognize when dealing with battering they must never be used to excuse or deny the abuse.
There are a number of stereotypes about the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer and Questioning Communities, including:
There is a great diversity within the LGBTQ community and like other cultures, it has it's own jargon, slang, and lingo. It's important to keep in mind that not everyone in the LGBTQ community uses the following terms, agrees with all of them, or uses them the same way.
Gender Identify: A person's internal sense or feeling of being masculine or feminine. Gender expression relates to how a person presents his or her sense of gender to the larger society. Gender identity may or may not be the same as the biological sex of the person.
Lesbian: A women who is attracted sexually, emotionally, and/or physically to other women.
Gay: A man who is attracted sexually, emotionally, and/or physically to other men. This term is sometimes used to include both men and women.
Heterosexual/Straight: A person who is sexually and emotionally attracted to someone of the opposite sex.
Heterosexism: An assumption that everyone is or should be heterosexual, and heterosexuality is superior to all other sexual oientations.
Homophobia: Fear, dislike, or hatred of homosexuality in others. Often exhibit by prejudice, discrimination, bullying or acts of violence.
Outing: Public disclosure of another person's sexual orientation or gender identity without the person's knowledge or permission. It can be dangerous.
Transphopia: The systematic oppresion of transgendered people because they do not fit society's expectations of what men and women are suppose to act like and look like.
Transgender: A person who identify more strongly with the other gender than the one they have been assigned. Women who feel like men or men who feel like women are transgender. Transgender people may identify as queer, heterosexual, homesexual, bisexual, pansexual or asexual.
Some transgendered people may categorized themselves as transexuals, cross-dressers, transvesites, androgynes, genderqueer, people who live cross-gender, drag kings, and drag queens.
Two-Spirit (also two spirit or twospirit) is a term for third gender people (for example, woman-living-man) that are among many, if not most, Native American and Canadian First Nations tribes. It usually implies a masculine spirit and a feminine spirit living in the same body. It is also used by some contemporary gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and intersex Native Americans to describe themselves. There are also native terms for these individuals in the various Native American languages.
The older term "berdache" is a generic term used primarily by anthropologists, and is frequently rejected as inappropriate and offensive by Native Americans. These individuals are often viewed as having two spirits occupying one body. Their dress is usually a mixture of traditionally male and traditionally female articles. They have distinct gender and social roles in their tribes.
Queer: Historically a negative term for homosexuality. Recently the LGBT movement has reclaimed the word to refer to itself, and is popularly used by the LGBTQ youth as a positive way to refer to themselves, is preferred because of its inclusiveness.
Questioning: A person who does not yet know their sexual orientation or gender identity, and may be at a period in their life when they are exploring who they are.